File 46 - 1939-1945 Star.

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

1939-1945 Star.

General material designation

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Level of description

File

Reference code

SCA195-GA424-6-46

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • [after 1945] (Creation)
    Creator
    Canada. Department of Veterans' Affairs

Physical description area

Physical description

1 medal : yellow copper zinc alloy ; 4.5 x 4.5 cm

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Archival description area

Name of creator

(1920-1988)

Biographical history

Cameron "Cam" Clare Hill was born on November 17, 1920 to Britton L. Hill and Grace Mildred Huff in Winnipeg, Manitoba. He was raised alongside his two siblings; Lewis Eugene Hill (1909-1976) and Margaret Elizabeth Hill (1911-1990).

Cameron and his family moved to Kitchener, Ontario in 1930 and lived in a house at 49 Simeon Street.

Cameron attended Suddaby Public School, originally known as Central School, and then Kitchener Waterloo Collegiate and Vocational School. As a teenager, Cameron enjoyed skiing and was a member of the Chicopee Ski Club in Kitchener, Ontario.

On June 27, 1940, Cameron enlisted to serve with the Royal Canadian Air Force Special Reserve during the Second World War. Cameron's attestation papers are dated October 14, 1940. He was assigned ID # R75616.

Subsequently, Cameron was enrolled in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP), a joint military aircrew training program created by the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand during the Second World War. Between 1940 and 1941, Cameron Hill was stationed at three different airbases and received specialized training in the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP). He was certified as a Bomb Aimer & Air Gunner at the Royal Canadian Air Force Station Jarvis in the No. 1 Bombing and Gunnery School. He was also certified as an Astronomical Navigator at the Royal Canadian Air Force Station Rivers (later renamed CFB Rivers) in the No. 1 Air Navigation School. In addition, he was certified as an Observer at the Royal Canadian Air Force Station Malton in the No. 1 Air Observer School. Cameron celebrated his BCATP Wings Parade on June 7, 1941 and was promoted to the rank of Flight Sergeant.

On August 15, 1941, Cameron Hill sailed with a convoy transporting Allied troops from Halifax Harbour in Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool, England. The convoy briefly stopped over in Iceland. Cameron was temporarily stationed in England from September 1941 to May 1942 to complete additional training. He was assigned to No. 11 Operational Training Unit RAF (11 OTU) on September 30, 1941.

Shortly after, he was assigned to the No. 40 Squadron of the Royal Air Force and eventually was deployed from England to the Middle East in May 1942. The No. 40 Squadron of the Royal Air Force was based near El Alamein, Egypt less than 100 kilometers from the cities of Cairo and Alexandria. The Squadron commenced operations near El Alamein on June 23, 1942 and carried out raids to Tobruk, Libya, Beersheba, Israel, and El Dabaa, Egypt.

On October 7, 1942, Cameron and fellow aircrew left the base at El Alamein, Egypt to complete a flight operation flying towards Tobruk, Libya. During the flight, the aircraft propeller fell off and the engine failed. All aircrew members were forced to bail out of the Vickers Wellington aircraft by parachute in the early morning hours on October 8, 1942. Cameron and fellow crew member, Pilot Bowhill, were separated from the other four members of the aircrew during the crash landing and set out on foot for British lines. Cameron and Bowhilll were captured by Axis powers on October 11, 1942.

Between October 1942 and May 1945, Cameron Hill was held in custody as a prisoner of war (POW) and sent to POW camps in Libya, Italy, Austria, Prussia, Poland, and Germany. In May and September 1942, Cameron received two rank promotions to Commissioned Officer.

In the early months of 1945, Cameron Hill was forced to march westward across Germany along with many other Allied prisoners of war during the final stages of the Second World War. On May 2, 1945 Cameron was near the town of Kittlitz when a patrol of vehicles of the British Second Army arrived and liberated the Allied prisoners of war.

Cameron returned to England on May 11, 1945 and was repatriated back to Canada on June 1, 1945. Cameron was honourably released from service on September 21, 1945 and transferred to the Reserve, General Section, Class "E." He received five medals for his service during the Second World War including the 1939-1945 Star, Africa Star, Defence Medal, Canadian Volunteer Service Medal, and the War Medal 1939-1945.

After the war, Cameron completed some business courses at the University of Toronto with benefits from the Veteran's Charter. Eventually, he joined his father in the family business, Bernardo Hill Tile & Terrazzo (later Hill & Glasser Ltd.)

Cameron married Jean Margaret Thompson on May 19, 1948 and together they had three children; James Cameron Hill (b. May 13, 1949) and twins Barbara Jean Hill and Gregory John Hill (b. May 7, 1951). Cameron was actively involved with the Kitchener-Waterloo Young Men's Christian Association and received the YMCA's highest honour, the Lou Buckley Award, after forty years of service.

Cameron died on October 31, 1988 in Kitchener, Ontario.

Name of creator

(1928-)

Administrative history

Veterans Affairs Canada (VAC) is the department within the Government of Canada with responsibility for pensions, benefits and services for war veterans, retired and still-serving members of the Canadian Armed Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), their families, as well as some civilians.

Custodial history

Scope and content

The 1939-1945 Star that was awarded to Cameron Hill for his service in the Royal Canadian Air Force during the Second World War. Also includes the accompanying medal ribbon as well as the original box that the medal was received and stored in.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Donated by the Hill Family in 2019.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

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General note

The 1939-1945 Star is a Second World War medal that was issued between September 2, 1939 and May 8, 1945 (Europe) or September 2, 1945 (Pacific). The medal was awarded for six months service on active operations for Army and Navy, and two months for active air-crew.

General note

Cameron Hill was awarded five medals for his service during the Second World War. The medals were intended to be worn over the left breast pocket of Cameron's uniform in a specific sequence from his right to left.

The 1939-1945 Star was to be worn first in the sequential placement of medals on Cameron's uniform from his right to left.

Physical description

The medal is in the shape of a a six–pointed star.

The obverse side of the medal has a central design of the Royal and Imperial cypher, surmounted by a crown. The cypher is surrounded by a circlet containing the words ‘The 1939-45 Star.’

The accompanying ribbon consists of three equal stripes: dark blue, red, and light blue (representing the Navy, Army and Air Force).

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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Described by NM in May 2019.

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

Sources

Information about material in this file was, in part, gathered from the following sources:

Hill, Barbara Jean. From Kitchener to Cairo : One Airman's Story as a WWII Prisoner of War. [Publisher Not Identified], 2017. p. 82. Call Number: G24433

The Canadian War Museum’s Military History Research Centre

The National Air Force Museum of Canada

Veterans Affairs Canada

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