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Kampf um's Dritte Reich.
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Dates of creation area
- Kelp, Robert Julius
Physical description area
270 photographs : col. ; 13 x 16 cm or smaller
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Name of creator
Robert Julius Kelp was born in Hamburg (Germany) in 1926 to Karl and Katherine (Kruse) Kelp.
In 1944, Kelp joined the Luftwaffe (the aerial-warfare branch of the German armed forces or Wehrmacht) where he served as a paratrooper on the Western Front, primarily in Belgium and the Netherlands.
During his time as a member of the Wehrmacht, Kelp was injured and spent time in a hospital and visiting family. He returned to the front and was captured by the British forces in the winter of 1945. From 1945 to 1948, Kelp was a prisoner of war and was transferred to different prisoner-of-war camps, ending in France where he was assigned to work removing landmines in Normandy and working on several farms in the area. In 1946, Kelp and his colleagues tried to escape to Germany and ended up in the Cherche-Midi prison in Paris. In November 1948, Kelp returned to Hamburg with his family, where he trained and worked as a tool and die maker.
In 1958, Kelp emigrated to Toronto where he worked with Frank Stronach (founder of Magna International). In 1963, he was joined in Canada by his girlfriend Gitta Hartmann (1932-2018) whom he married soon after and with whom he had two children. The family soon moved to Kitchener-Waterloo for work-related reasons. In 1967, Kelp became a Canadian citizen.
Robert Julius Kelp died in 2013, aged 87.
Scope and content
Published copy of the Nazi propaganda cigarette card album Kampf um's Dritte Reich : eine historische Bilderfolge (Battle for the Third Reich: a historical picture sequence). Album was created by Cigaretten / Bilderdienst of Hamburg, and published in 1933. Album contains space for 273 mounted trading cigarette cards (reproducing photographs by Heinrich Hoffmann) of which 270 are present.
Through the mix of rhetoric and hand-coloured photographs, the album presents an interpretation of the ideological transformation in certain sectors of Germany's social and political spheres that led to the proclamation of the Third Reich (1933-1945). Album covers the public life of Adolf Hitler from 1914 to 1933, and the creation and evolution of the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers' Party or Nazi Party) in Germany until 1933.
Some pages have minor staining and bumped edges. Some photographs are loose.
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Donated in 2019.
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Album includes examples of Nazi propaganda. Language and attitudes rooted in harmful and racist stereotypes that some will find triggering and deeply upsetting appear throughout.
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Described by CGD in 2022.
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