File 21 - Kaufman, Emma and Kawai Michi in Japanese dress, Elgin House Y.W.C.A. conference.

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Kaufman, Emma and Kawai Michi in Japanese dress, Elgin House Y.W.C.A. conference.

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  • Graphic material

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File

Reference code

SCA164-GA138:2004accrual-21

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Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area

Date(s)

  • June 1916 (Photography)

Physical description area

Physical description

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Name of creator

Biographical history

Jacob and Mary Kaufman were prominent citizens of Kitchener, Ontario from the late 19th century to WWII. Jacob Kaufman (1847-1920) and Mary Ratz (1856-1943) married in 1877. Jacob began his career in the lumber industry but switched to rubber, forming the Kaufman Rubber Company in 1908. Jacob and Mary Kaufman were active in civic and community life, supporting causes such as The Children’s Aid Society, the Kitchener-Waterloo Orphanage, the Women’s Christian Temperance Union, the YMCA, the YWCA and the Kitchener-Waterloo Hospital. They had four children, Emma Ratz (1881-1979), Alvin Ratz (1885-1979), Milton Ratz (1886-19--?) and Edna Louise (1891-1983).

Emma Kaufman dedicated her life to the Young Women’s Christian Association, serving for thirty years in Japan and Canada. The Emperor of Japan presented her with a memorial cup in 1965, the 60th Anniversary of the YWCA in Japan, and in the same year she received an International Cooperation Year medal presented by Cardinal Leger in Montreal.

Alvin (“A.R.”) Kaufman ran the rubber company started by his father and became well known as a local philanthropist, supporting many of the same causes as had his parents. He is primarily remembered for his activities in support of the YMCA, YWCA and of family planning and birth control.

Edna Kaufman married Albert William Augustine (1890-1972) Aug. 22, 1918. They had three children, Albert Jacob (1923-1990), John Ross (1927- ), and Mary Caroline (1931- ).

Mary Caroline Augustine married James Milton Ham (1920-1997), who was President of the University of Toronto from 1978-1983.

Custodial history

Scope and content

A postcard photograph of Emma Kaufman and Miss Kawai in Japanese dress outdoors at Elgin House during the Young Women's Christian Association (Y.W.C.A.) conference in June 1916.

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition

Donated by Mary Ham in 2004.

Arrangement

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Location of originals

Availability of other formats

Scanned as TIF file 2018.

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Public Domain

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General note

Photo appears in A heart at leisure from itself: Caroline Macdonald of Japan by Margaret Prang courtesy of Archives of Japan YWCA. Captions from published version of photo: "4. Kawai Michi and Emma Kaufman at the national conference of the Canadian YWCA, Elgin House, Muskoka, Ontario, 1916."

Signatures note

Verso of postcard includes handwritten message: "A happy Xmas to you + all your family. Emma Kaufman. Miss Kawai our Japanese national secretary + myself taken at the Elgin House Y.W.C.A. summer conference June 1916."

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Described in 2005.
Revised by NM in July 2019.
Expanded by DR May 2020.

Language of description

  • English

Script of description

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